Replacing alcohol Edu. with Champaign Steps

So it is commonly accepted that early exposure to drugs is associated to an increased likelihood of addiction. However, it is not known if early onset necessarily causes addiction, or if people who have a predisposition to become addicts are also more likely to begin drug use earlier.  I found a paper examining just this! Schramm-Sapyta et al (2009) reviewed literature examining the evidence of vulnerability in adolescence using animal models.  I highly suggest reading this paper because it is full of really interesting information (too much to fit into one post!) But here are a few things that I found particularly interesting.  Some studies show that adolescent users find drugs more rewarding, and show greater reward sensitivity.  In addition they are less susceptible to the negative effects of drug abuse.  Since positive experiences with drugs are associated with continued use then it is possible to see a link between these two facts.

In addition his paper examines the implications of impulse control and addiction.  Addiction is often seen as a lack of impulse control—individuals consume drugs despite the negative consequences, and adolescents are also seen as having reduced impulse control.  On a test where participants are given an immediate small reward or a delayed larger reward, adolescence are more impulsive at baseline.  So maybe it is all of these factors, they have higher reward, have less desire to resist the immediate reward, and are less affected by negative experiences.  Maybe it’s not the early exposure, but the developmental characteristics of adolescents that leads to this trend.

So are children who are given more freedom with alcohol at a younger age more likely to become addicts?  My guess is that there are many other variables that equalize this possibility.  For instance the cultural impact may equal out the early exposure, but if we were to somehow account for these other factors my guess would be yes.  So final thought maybe we should be replacing Alcohol Edu with activities to ritualized the consumption of alcohol…who said we should get rid of campaign steps??

Advertisements

4 thoughts on “Replacing alcohol Edu. with Champaign Steps

  1. haha interesting post. I think that the drinking culture we see in teenagers is highly indicative of the stigma surrounding drinking at a young age. I think this stigma, in addition to the fear that they will get punished if caught, causes these kids to drink in a very unhealthy way (binging, drinking alone, etc.). I think that introducing alcohol to teenagers in social setting and in moderation is important, and I strongly believe that if this was more the case, we would see far less abuse of alcohol.

    Like

  2. Maybe for some young adolescents drinking and rebelling is a way for them to find their identity. I feel like most teenagers have their angsty phase and sometimes drugs and alcohol play into this. Maybe if they weren’t illegal they wouldn’t be so attractive for teens to try. I wonder if parents were more open to introducing alcohol (I’m not sure if parents would go for drugs) to their children if the appeal would disappear?

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s